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Pacifism

War, Peace and Human Rights

Exam Questions - OCR and AQA

Religious Studies B Ethics 2 (Year 11) - Philosophy and Applied Ethics, Specimen Paper

Christianity
(a) What is pacifism? [1]

(b) Give two examples of what Christians might consider to be social injustice. [2]

(c) Why might Christians work for peace? [3]

(d) What are Christian attitudes towards war? [6]

(e) 'All people must be pacifists.' Discuss this statement. You should include different, supported points of view and a personal viewpoint. You must refer to Christianity in your answer. [12] Total: [24]

AQA - Religious Studies A - Christianity: Ethics (Paper and Mark Scheme)

B6 War and Peace

(a) What is pacifism? (2 marks)

(b) (i) Explain two reasons why a country might become involved in a war. (4 marks)

(b) (ii) Explain why some Christians are always opposed to war. (6 marks)

(c) 'Nuclear war is always wrong.' Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer, showing that you have thought about more than one point of view. Refer to Christianity in your answer. (6 marks)

(d) 'Acts of terrorism can never be justified.' Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer, showing that you have thought about more than one point of view. Refer to Christianity in your answer. (6 marks)

AQA - Religious Studies B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues (Paper and Mark Scheme)

Question 5 Religion, War and Peace
Look at the photograph below. (A soldier and a weapon being fired).

21 What is meant by a 'Holy War'? (1 mark)

22 Give two reasons why countries might go to war. (2 marks)

23 'No one who is religious can be a terrorist.' What do you think? Explain your opinion. (3 marks)

24 Explain why some religious believers are prepared to fight in a war. (6 marks)

25 'Wars do not solve problems; they only create them.' Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer, showing that you have thought about more than one point of view. Refer to religious arguments in your answer. (6 marks)

Archive exam questions

This question is from the June 2005 Religious Studies B (Philosophy and Ethics) paper:

(a) Describe Christian teachings about the treatment of criminals. [8]

(b) Explain how Christians might respond to injustice. [7]

(c) ‘Religious people should never use violence.’

Do you agree? Give reasons to support your answer and show that you have thought about different points of view. You must refer to Christianity in your answer. [5]

This question is from the June 2006 Religious Studies B (Philosophy and Ethics) paper:

(a) Describe Christian teachings about the use of violence. [8]

(b) Explain how Christians might act during a war. [7]

(c) ‘Violence is always wrong.’

Do you agree? Give reasons to support your answer and show that you have thought about different points of view. You must refer to Christianity in your answer. [5]

This question is from the June 2007 Religious Studies B (Philosophy and Ethics) paper:

(a) Describe Christian teachings about crime and punishment. [8]

(b) Explain how Christians might treat criminals. [7]

(c) ‘Criminals must be punished as an example to others.’

Do you agree? Give reasons to support your opinion and show that you have thought about different points of view. You must refer to Christianity in your answer.
[5]

(Taken from the OCR website - mark schemes available for all papers)

This is from the June 2005 World Religions paper:

(b) Explain Christian attitudes towards human rights and prisoners of conscience. [7]

This is from the June 2006 World Religions paper:

(b) Explain the reasons a Christian might give for fighting in a war. [7]

This is from the June 2007 World Religions paper:

(a) Describe Christian teaching which might be used to support pacifism. [8]

(b) Explain how and why Christians might try to help people who have been imprisoned for their beliefs. [7]

(c) ‘It is sometimes right for Christians to fight for their country.’ [5]

Do you agree? Give reasons to support your answer and show that you have thought about different points of view.

(Taken from the OCR website - mark schemes available for all papers)

 

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