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Infertility

Birth and Death

The Roman Catholic Church

IVF and AI - acceptable, only if:

AI - acceptable, only if the husband’s sperm is used.

AID - not acceptable. AI using a donor is wrong! It brings a 3rd party (another man) into the marriage.

In an address to Catholic doctors, Pope Pius XII condemned AID because a third person becoming involved in a marriage is like "mechanical adultery": the donor fathers a child (with his sperm) yet he has no responsibility to the child; and a process that isolates the sacred act of creating life from the marriage union is a violation of the marriage union (which alone is the way to create life). However, if the marriage act is preserved, then various clinical techniques designed to help create new life are not to be condemned."

Adapted from Modern Catholic Dictionary

"Any use whatsoever of any method that stops the natural power of sex to generate life is forbidden."

Pope Pius XI, 1930

Roman Catholic 1987 Report: “Respect for Human Life and the Dignity of Procreation”

This report gives guidelines for infertility treatment. Main points:

The Church of England

IVF is acceptable in all its forms, including the donation of eggs and sperm by third parties

Experimenting on “spare” human embryos is acceptable up to 14 days after fertilisation, because up to 14 days a foetus can split into 2 and form twins. Therefore, it is not really a human life until 14 days.

1984 Report “Human Fertilisation and Embryology”

"We support the recommendation that research, under license, be permitted on embryos up to 14 days old and agree that embryos should not be created just for scientific research."

Anglican report - 1994

Methodist Church

Surrogacy

All Churches agree that surrogacy is wrong because:

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